Embassy of Belgium in Tanzania
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Development Cooperation

In the past 10 years Belgium was the 15th bilateral donor to Tanzania (based on average Official Development Assistance  (ODA) in the period 2009-2018). In recent years the Belgian ODA has fluctuated around €11 million per year (see graph below). 

The direct bilateral governmental aid is implemented by the Belgian Development Agency, Enabel. Enabel is currently implementing two projects, both in the Kigoma region: 1) Sustainable Agriculture Kigoma Regional Project; 2) Water and Sanitation Kigoma Regional Project. In all its projects Enabel cooperates closely with the local government and the relevant line ministries. The total value of these projects is  €20 million. Enabel is preparing a new bilateral programme worth €25 million for the period 2023-2027 focusing on gender in Kigoma region

Men build a bridge as part of the infrastructure of the bilateral agricultural project in Kigoma.

The indirect aid in Tanzania is mainly implemented by ten non-governmental organizations with a different thematic and or geographical focus.  The organizations work together in Tanzania under the umbrella of a Joint Strategic Framework. Some organizations are based in Arusha and focus mainly on agriculture, entrepreneurship and rural development (TRIAS, Iles de Paix and Rikolto). In the health sector, Light for the World focuses on children with a visual impairment, the Belgian Red Cross works on blood donation, water and sanitation, and first aid training, and finally Apopo works on TB detection with rat technology. In the education sector, Via Don Bosco provides vocational training, whereas Plan International focuses on empowering girls. IPIS and Avocats Sans Frontières (ASF) work on improving natural resource governance. All these organizations cooperate closely with a wide variety Tanzanian organizations. These ten organizations receive core funding for five years (2022-2026).  

A woman shows a bunch of bananas. She stands between the boxes and bananas. This is part of the project of the NGO Rikolto.

Academic cooperation mainly takes place via VLIR-UOS, an umbrella organization of universities in Flanders. VLIR-UOS offers scholarships and support for research projects. VLIR-UOS also facilitates university cooperation between Belgian an Tanzanian Universities. Important partners of VLIR-UOS are Mzumbe University, NMAIST and Ardhi University.  

Via calls for proposals Belgium also funds a limited number of projects that focus on absolute priorities of the Belgian government. For the moment Belgium funds projects in Tanzania on private sector support through the Business Partnership Facility managed by the King Baudouin Foundation. Further, Belgium is funding projects on organic fertilizer production for sustainable avocado agriculture, implemented by Guavay Company Limited, organic honey for export by Third Man and Upendo Honey, and on creating animal feed from food waste by using black soldier fly larvae by Chanzi Ltd. Additionally, Belgium is also supporting civil society in their role as actor of sustainable development and vector of human rights (freedom of expression and association), democracy and meaningful participation. Supported organizations include BBC Media Action and the International Peace Information Service (IPIS). 

Belgium also provides humanitarian aid (directly to Tanzania via Oxfam and the Belgian Red Cross, but also indirectly via flexible funds, for example ICRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund, which has been used several times in Tanzania in the past years).  

Via the Trade for Development Centre and the Belgian Investment Company for Developing Countries (BIO), Belgium also supports the private sector, respectively through trainings and through investments or loans (e.g. to regional equity funds, but also to financial institutions such as the Bank of Africa Group). 

Belgium is a member of and contributes to many multilateral organizations (EU, UN, WB, IMF) who are active in Tanzania. Belgium is traditionally a relatively large provider of core, non-earmarked funding.