Home Development Cooperation
The aim of the Belgian Development Cooperation is to contribute to sustainable human development in line with the Sustainable Development Goals and the development plans of Tanzania. Tanzania is a partner country of the Belgian Development Cooperation since 1982. In the past 10 years Belgium was the 15th bilateral donor to Tanzania (based on average ODA in the period 2010-2019). In recent years the Belgian Official Development Aid has fluctuated around €11 million per year (see graph below).
The Belgian Development Cooperation to Tanzania is implemented through different channels:
- The direct bilateral governmental aid is implemented by the Belgian Development Agency, Enabel. Enabel is currently implementing two projects, both in the Kigoma region: 1) Sustainable Agriculture Kigoma Regional Project; 2) Water and Sanitation Kigoma Regional Project. In all its projects Enabel cooperates closely with the local government and the relevant line ministries. The total value of these projects is €20 million.
- The indirect aid in Tanzania is mainly implemented by eight non-governmental organizations with a different thematic and or geographical focus. These eight organizations receive core funding for five years (2017-2021), totaling around €21 million. The organizations work together in Tanzania under the umbrella of a Joint Strategic Framework. Some organizations are based in Arusha and focus mainly on agriculture, forestry and rural development (TRIAS, BOS+, Iles de Paix and Rikolto). Via Don Bosco provides vocational training, whereas Light for the World focuses on children with a visual impairment and the Belgian Red Cross works on water and sanitation, and first aid training. All these organizations cooperate closely with a wide variety Tanzanian organizations. Finally, VLIR-UOS facilitates university cooperation between Belgian an Tanzanian Universities. Important partners are Mzumbe University, NMAIST and Ardhi University.
- Via calls for proposals Belgium also funds a limited number of projects that focus on absolute priorities of the Belgian government. For the moment Belgium funds projects in Tanzania under the D4D programme called Wehubit focusing on climate smart agriculture (two projects implemented by Afriscout and Kilimo Trust) and e-health (two projects implemented in Zanzibar by Pharmacces and D-Tree International). Belgium also funds projects in Tanzania on private sector support through the Business Partnership Facility managed by the King Baudouin Foundation. At the moment Belgium is funding projects on organic fertilizer production for sustainable avocado agriculture, implemented by Guavay Company Limited, organic honey for export by Third Man and Upendo Honey, and on creating animal feed from food waste by using black soldier fly larvae by Chanzi Ltd.
- Belgium also provides humanitarian aid (directly to Tanzania via Oxfam and the Belgian Red Cross, but also indirectly via flexible funds, for example ICRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund, which has been used several times in Tanzania in the past years).
- Via the Trade for Development Centre and the Belgian Investment Company for Developing Countries (BIO), Belgium also supports the private sector, respectively through trainings and through investments or loans (e.g. to regional equity funds, but also to financial institutions such as the Bank of Africa Group).
- Belgium is a member of and contributes to many multilateral organizations (EU, UN, WB, IMF) who are active in Tanzania. Belgium is traditionally a relatively large provider of core, non-earmarked funding.